The sinuses are cavities surrounding the eyes and nose which help produce mucus in the nose to promote immunity from diseases. There are times when the fluid behind the nose is clogged and does not drain, which results in the build-up of pressure around the area of the sinuses. As the pressure remains unrelieved, the inflamed sinuses produce infection. Hence, sinus pressure relief aid in preventing infection, or ease the discomfort from headache and pain when infection has already developed. There are various approaches in relieving sinus pressure and this article will briefly elucidate each of these approaches.
1. Acupressure. Acupressure refers to an ancient art of pressing particular points on the human body using the fingers with the goal of stimulating its natural curative ability. Both acupressure and acupuncture utilize the same points of the body, but acupressure uses fingers instead of needles. Sinusitis symptoms like nasal congestion and pressure on the face near the location of the sinuses may cause muscular tension in the chest. Sinus pressure relief may be done by the use of acupressure point on the pectoralis chest muscles pressed with firm finger pressure, which aids in sinus congestion. Moreover, the common acupressure point large intestine 4 (or li4) which is located in the web between the index finger and the thumb helps clear the sinuses and the head. Meanwhile, another common acupressure point called large intestine 20 (or li20) found lateral to the widest point of the nasal alar aids in clearing the sinuses.
2. Osteopathic techniques. Osteopathy is a branch of medicine which highlights the treatment of disease through the process of manipulating and massaging joints, muscles, and bones. There are a number of osteopathic procedures which provide sinus pressure relief by managing the pain and obstruction experienced by patients. One of the most popular methods of drainage is by applying pressure on the maxillary sinuses, which are located near the sides of a nose. Other techniques involve: applying direct pressure on top of the frontal sinuses located on the forehead, gently applying pressure over the supraorbital notch which is located near the top of the eye socket, and applying direct pressure on the temporal areas.
3. Use of nasal decongestant sprays. At the outset of a clogged nose, using nasal decongestant sprays may provide sinus pressure relief as long as its use will not exceed three days. Among the two commonly used sprays are Phenylephrine and Oxymetazoline. Phenylephrine is recommended for children and adults, whereas Oxymetazoline is restricted to children older than 12 years old and adults.
4. Conventional medications. Depending on severity, clogged sinuses may be drained through oral or topical decongestants, pain killers, antibiotics, or steroids. Milder cases are taken cared of by decongestants. Moderate cases are handled using pain medication to provide sinus pressure relief. Acute cases require the use of antibiotics. While use of steroids has provoked controversy, development of edema in the brain due to sinusitis infection requires the use of steroids in place of surgery.
5. Extreme Cases. In extreme cases, two options are resorted to: sinus irrigation, which may be performed by an ENT practitioner with local anesthesia; and surgery, which is performed by a neurosurgeon.
Read how to solve sinus headache relief fast here.